United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was created in 1948 for which it tries to push its goal of promoting “…sustainable development and help people fulfil their hopes and aspirations.” (2014). Moreover, its creation was to deal with the aftermath of the two world wars while the issues of “…political and economic agreements are not enough to build a lasting peace” that has allowed the organization to push for more long lasting peace humanity’s moral and intellectual solidarity by going through the change that has come through globalization and the interconnection societies along with their cooperation while trying to see any changes that are coming forth in the environment through common subjects like education, scientific research and knowledge sharing (UNESCO, 2016). This is done through cooperating with numerous societies, the private sector and other institutions around the world to keep achieving the goal in hopes of long lasting peace, equitability and sustainable development while trying to deal any challenges that the international community may make as well as any pressure that they may face (UNESCO, 2015; UNESCO, 2014).
The most important challenge is that of the changing world that is becoming more global, interconnectedness, technology and information sciences. This needs to find a resolve for societies to thrive. This challenge breaks down to several sub-problems. One is with freedom of speech, especially when it comes from journalists or any other forms of media officials, such as the journalist Monica Gonzalez who was trying to present the truth of the totalitarian Chilean government during the early 1980’s that had resulted to her imprisonment and eventual release as well as various publishing of what happened to her (UNESCO, 2015). Also, there is concern with all forms of censorship against various media outlets, journalists, broadcasters, and citizens that will result in them being prosecuted, harmed in many formats, fatality, banishment, imprisonment, and other forms of punishment that comes from an authoritative government or one that is influences by powerful organizations within the state; anything to control people from saying anything opposing (UNESCO, 2015). Another concern that comes up is that of access to information. At large there is the socio-economic classes that may not have the tools, such as a computer and internet, or the place, such as a library, to obtain information that could expand their knowledge. Moreover, there is the concern about what governments control and present, even in democratic nations such as Canada. According to Anne Kingston, with many governmental libraries closing, the of public servants, as well as many websites being archived and abruptly disappearing before the information is being extracted just for the sake of having one governmental portal website and researchers to obtain the information; most of the government past and current data is being deleted, burned or altered (2015).
Kingston, A. (2015). Vanishing Canada: Why We’re All Losers in Ottawa’s War on Data.
Maclean’s. Retrieved from: http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/vanishing-canada-why-were-all-losers-in-ottawas-war-on-data/
UNESCO (2014). Medium – Term Strategy 2014 – 2021. Retrieved from:
UNESCO (2015). The Communication and Development Program. Retrieved from:
UNESCO (2016). Introducing UNESCO. Retrieved from: http://en.unesco.org/about-