Canada has always been viewed as being racially – culturally – religious harmonious and tolerant nation, yet, one of its major socio – economic and cultural issues within Canada is the problem of the murdered and missing Aboriginal – Canadian women and girls since 1984 until present.
The reason for such concern is that the disappearance and murder indigenous women are part of a broader pattern of violence and discrimination against indigenous women in Canada.
A total of 1,181 homicide and murder cases were of Aboriginal women and girls; 225 of them have been unresolved with majority of the disappearances and deaths of Aboriginal women occurred in British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Several inquiries and studies made by organizations and NGO’s such as NWAC, Canadian House of Commons, British Columbia province, CEDAW, the Inter – American Commission on Human Rights, and the RCMP 2014 report presented root causes that Aboriginal women and girls in being increasingly vulnerability such as effects of intergenerational trauma for Aboriginal people, poverty, language minority issues and cultural loss.
Yet, the Government has repeatedly found it unnecessary for such an inquiry and don’t view the murdered and missing as violations of human rights of Aboriginal women and girls as a national concern warranting immediate and effective State action at all level.
Organizational studies all come to the same conclusion in that due to such higher vulnerable than other female Canadians the Federal Government should pursuit a national inquiry that ensures its actions are nationwide co-ordinated, effective efforts with its provincial and municipal counterparts and hopefully decrease and eventually terminate such huge unresolved homicide and murder rates. Other reasons to push for are the enhancement efforts on unsolved cases by the RCMP and provincial police; increase programs in shelters and violence against women; focusing on prevention efforts; increase in public awareness and strengthening the data.
Any questions and concerns for those who are missing go to: the RCMP’s National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR) website at http://www.canadasmissing.ca/index-eng.htm
Further information on Aboriginal women who are murdered or missing go to:
1. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Report of the inquiry concerning Canada of the Committee of the Elimination of Discrimination against Women under article 8 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Retrieved from: http://www.fafia-afai.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/CEDAW_C_OP-8_CAN_1_7643_E.pdf
2. RCMP. Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview. Retrieved from: http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/pubs/mmaw-faapd-eng.pdf
3. Canadian House of Commons – Special Committee on Violence Against Indigenous Women. INVISIBLE WOMEN: A CALL TO ACTION A Report on Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women in Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/hoc/Committee/412/IWFA/Reports/RP6469851/IWFArp01/IWFArp01-e.pdf